Publications

Title Thermomechanical Properties of Interface Modified M40J Carbon/PMR-II-50 Composites
Source Proc. 48th Intl. SAMPE Symp. and Exhib.
Year 2003
Author(s) Allred, R. E.; Shin, E. E.; Ingrham, L.; Papadopoulos, D.; Sutter, J. K.
Abstract To increase performance and durability of high-temperature composites for potential rocket engine components, it is necessary to optimize wetting and interfacial bonding between high modulus carbon fibers and high-temperature polyimide resins. It has been previously demonstrated that the electro-oxidative shear treatments used by fiber manufacturers are not effective on higher modulus fibers that have fewer edge and defect sites in the surface crystallites. In addition, sizings commercially supplied on most carbon fibers are not compatible with polyimides. In this study, the surface chemistry and energy of high modulus carbon fibers (M40J and M60J, Toray) and typical fluorinated polyimide resins, such as PMR-II-50 were characterized. A continuous desizing system that uses an environmentally friendly chemical-mechanical process was developed for tow level fiber. Composites were fabricated with fibers containing the manufacturer’s sizing, desized, and further treated with a reactive finish. Results of room temperature tests show that desizing reduces interface sensitive properties compared to the manufacturer’s sizing and that subsequent surface re-treatment with reactive finish increases interface sensitive properties. Properties of thermally aged composites and composites with varying finish concentrations are also discussed.
Keywords desize, carbon fibers, sizing, surface chemistry, surface energy, polyimide, durability, high-temperature, composites, interfacial bonding, polyimide, surface crystallites, reactive finish, interface, thermally aged

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